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The permit process is generally the same for all types of projects, but more specific requirements may be required for commercial construction and residential construction. If you have any questions regarding the permit process or if you need help in determining if you need a permit contact the Building Department at (540) 672-4574.
Please contact the Planning and Zoning Department for information on the calculation of land disturbance, bond information, and set back requirements.
The Building Department will review your plans when the review is complete and you have obtained your initial erosion and sediment inspection. If an Erosion permit was issued, the 911 address has been assigned, and if permit is for a new structure the Building Department will notify you that the permit is ready for pick up and the amount of fees due.
The Orange County Law Library can also be accessed in the Orange County Courthouse located at 110 North Madison Rd.
For further information on control burns please visit the Virginia Department of Forestry. Virginia Department of Forestry
The mission of the EDA is to promote balanced growth and development within the County of Orange. The EDA also fulfills all purposes and intents of the Board of Supervisors to generate new capital investments and job creation for the citizens of Orange County.
Smart911 can help save your life in the event of an emergency. The more information first responders know about you up front, the quicker they can act when every second counts. Smart911 is free, 100% private, secure, and used by thousands of 9-1-1 call centers across the country. Smart911 Website
If you hang up, a Communications Officer will call you back to ensure that you have no emergency.
Examples of circumstances to call 9-1-1 include, but are not limited to:
Medical problemsFire emergenciesSuspicious persons or activitiesCrimes in progressMissing personsDomestic problems When to Call 911
Another document that's very helpful is the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR), which reflects the actual financial activity of the County by fiscal year in all funds and in an entity-wide perspective as well. The CAFR includes a transmittal letter and management's discussion and analysis of the financial position of the County, including fund balances. This document includes a profile of the County, a discussion on economic conditions, updates on major initiatives, and the annual auditor's report. Ten years of financial trend information is provided in the statistical section.
Links to both the Budget page and CAFR page are included on the Finance webpage.
If your request is for something not in our online catalog, please use "How do I submit a purchase request" FAQ. Library Catalog
All items may be renewed a maximum of 3 times.
The renewal period is the same as the initial checkout period.
Blu-Rays and DVDs are a one week check out and also a one week renewal.
New books, TV series and video games are a two-week checkout and a two week renewal.
All other items are a four week checkout and a four week renewal
PLEASE NOTE: The renewal due date for all items except "new" books for adults, DVDs, Blu-Rays, TV series and video games will be four weeks from the date of the renewal, not four (4) weeks from the original due date. For DVDs and Blu-Rays the due date will be one (1) week from the date the item(s) are renewed. For new books, TV series and video games it will be two (2) weeks from the date the item(s) are renewed.
RENEWING OVERDUE ITEMSItems which are overdue may be renewed online, but a charge for the number of days that the item is overdue at the time of renewal will be placed into your account.If you have questions about overdue renewal charges, call your local branch.Main Library (540) 672-3811Wilderness Branch (540) 854-5310Gordonsville Branch (540) 832-0712 My Account login
Main Library (540) 672-3811Wilderness Branch (540) 854-5310Gordonsville Branch (540) 832-0712 Purchase Suggestion
You can edit your PIN number through "My Account" at the link below, or stop in or call and have a staff member change it for you. Staff cannot view PIN numbers in customer accounts, but we can reset them. My Account login
The easiest way to avoid fines is to return or renew your items before they are due. We offer an e-mail reminder service that will alert you the day before items are due. Any staff member can sign you up for it at no cost either in person or over the phone. You will need to provide your library card number and an e-mail address for us to send the alert to.
We charge 20 cents per day for items from the adult collections, except DVDs and Blu-Rays.We charge 10 cents per day for items from the children's or young adult collections, except DVDs and Blu-Rays.DVDs and Blu-Rays are charged 50 cents per day.
We do not have a grace period.
Items returned in our "book drop" receptacles next to the front door of each facility will be credited to the previous day if returned before our scheduled opening time. If we are closed for a series of days such as over the Thanksgiving holiday, items placed in the "book drop" will be credited as having been returned on the most recent day that we were open. So an item returned the Saturday after Thanksgiving would be credited as having been returned on the Wednesday before Thanksgiving.
There is a maximum late fine for adult collection items, DVDs and Blu-Rays of $5.00 per item.There is a maximum late fine for juvenile and young-adult collection items (except DVDs and Blu-Rays) of $2.00 per item.
Once an item is 180 days overdue, the replacement cost of the item will be billed to the customer's account. At this point the item is considered lost and not overdue. Once that happens, we may not accept the item back and the charges will remain even if the item is returned. This allows us to remove items we no longer have from our catalog and replace items so that other customers may use them.
Main Library (540) 672-3811Wilderness Branch (540) 854-5310Gordonsville Branch (540) 832-0712 Library contact form
Use is free of charge. However, Library events have priority over other meeting room uses.
Repeat usage may be refused in order to allow access to all groups.
A copy of the meeting room form must be submitted to the library branch where you are seeking to use the meeting room and approved in advance by the branch manager. We also have a brief form for on the spot use of the room when it is available.
There is a $3.00 return postage charge for each item requested on ILL. Some lending libraries may charge additional fees to lend or copy an item. We pass those charges along to the end user. We will contact the requesting user in the event these charges exceed $5.00 to seek their permission before borrowing the item on their behalf.
National best practices for ILLs require that they be requested from the user's "home" library in the city/county where they reside. If you do not reside in Orange County, Virginia, we will not process your request.
The due date for an interlibrary loan item is set by the lending library and will likely differ from our library's normal policy.
To request an ILL, we need a completed request form. You may either download the form and fill it out in advance or fill it out at the library. There is a link to the form below. Interlibrary loan request form
Items returned at neighboring library systems such as Jefferson-Madison Regional Library, Culpeper Library or Central Rappahannock Regional Library may not make it back to us and may incur charges for lateness or replacement.
Please note that pre-registration for our programs is very important. Programs may be cancelled due to lack of interest if not enough pre-registrations are received. Don't wait. To ensure the viability of a program you are interested in, please register as soon as possible.
Another option is to check our programming calendar. This can be found on the right side of the Parks & Recreation department page.
To stay as up to date as possible, you can choose to sign up for our "Notify Me" feature. This can be found in the lower left of the Parks & Recreation department page or on the right side of the Orange County Government main page. By signing up for this feature, you can be automatically notified by email or text message whenever we add a program to our calendar.
In addition to these electronic methods, you can also find out about our programs in the Orange Review, flyers that are seasonally distributed through the schools, calling us at (540) 672-5435, or by stopping in our office in the Sedwick Building located at 146 North Madison Road, Suite 205, Orange, VA 22960. Sign Up For Notify Me
It is important to note that the GIS is not always up-to-date/current due to website updating schedules. It is also important to note that the GIS should only be used for general information and is not guaranteed to be 100% accurate. Any questions about zoning requirements or requests for zoning verification should be directed to the Department of Planning & Zoning. Orange County GIS
Once you have contacted Planning & Zoning and have reasonable assurance about the subdivision process, you should contact a licensed land surveyor and/or professional engineer (if improvements plans are needed). The county cannot recommend any particular surveyor or engineer, but we do advise that local professionals typically prove to be more knowledgeable of local conditions and procedures. The surveyor will survey your land and draw subdivision plats to submit to the county for review. If necessary, the engineer will produce improvements plans to submit along with the plats. The Virginia Department of Transportation must review and approve all subdivisions of land, even if they are served by private roads. It is therefore strongly recommended to contact VDOT prior to submitting plats to the county. Additionally, the Virginia Department of Health must review all subdivisions which involve private well and septic drainfield installations. It is the responsibility of the landowner to submit this application to VDH along with any supporting documents. If the subdivision will be served by public utilities via Rapidan Service Authority, Town of Orange, or Town of Gordonsville, they will review the plats as well.
Once accepted for review, the county will determine if the plats are in compliance with the county's laws (i.e. the Zoning Ordinance and Subdivision Ordinance). If they are determined to be compliant, the plats will be transmitted to the necessary review agencies for approval. If the plats are not compliant, you will receive comments from the county about necessary corrections. In these cases, the landowner should work with the surveyor to address the deficiencies and then resubmit the plats to the county. It is important to note that subdivision plats involving private roads must be approved by the Orange County Planning Commission before a plat submittal will be accepted by the Department for review.
Once all other agencies have reviewed and approved the plats, the county provides the last and final approval. You will then be notified that the plats are approved and are available for pickup to be recorded in the Orange County Circuit Court. Approved plats must be recorded within 6 months or they become void; proof of recordation to the Department of Planning & Zoning is required. Recorded plats are transmitted to the Commissioner of Revenue so that the new/revised tax parcels can be assigned values and will begin being taxed accordingly.
It is advised that business owners review the home occupation and home enterprise forms, which can be found under the Planning & Zoning Department's "Permit Applications, Forms, & Guides" page on the County's website. If there are additional questions, the owner should contact the department directly.
Orange County does not have a business license program. Zoning is the only local approval required for home-based businesses, but additional permits may be needed for signs, new construction, or other types of new development.
Obtaining the Zoning Permit, Erosion Control Permit, and posting the erosion control bond are always the first steps in the process. A thorough guide for new home construction is available on the Planning & Zoning Department's "Permit Applications, Forms, & Guides" page on the County website.
These sketch plan requirements apply to single-family residential projects, duplexes, manufactured homes, signs, temporary uses, certain agricultural uses, and certain small-scale nonresidential/commercial uses. Sketch plans may be hand-drawn unless the property is zoned R--3 or R-4 or if the project involves a nonconforming structure. Sketch plans in these instances must be prepared by a professional.
If the project involves the installation of a new access onto a state-maintained road, VDOT approval must be supplied prior to or in conjunction with the Zoning Permit Application.
Other uses, particularly nonresidential/commercial uses involving 2,500 sq. ft. of land disturbance or more must submit site plans (either minor or major) prepared by a professional. These site plans must be approved by the county before the Zoning Permit Application can be submitted.
Individuals applying for a Zoning Permit who are not shown as the owner of record on county real estate records must provide proof of ownership (in the event of a recent land transfer) or permission in writing from the landowner in order to obtain the Zoning Permit.
The following related forms are available online:- Authorized Agent Affidavit- Application for Zoning Permit
The vast majority of single-family dwelling construction projects will require an Agreement in Lieu of an Erosion and Sediment Control Plan.
- The application for the Agreement must be completed, signed, and submitted.- The fee for the Agreement must be submitted.- The Erosion & Sediment Control Bond packet should be read, and the appropriate bond form must be completed and submitted. The appropriate bond form will depend on how the bond is being posted (cash/check, letter of credit, or performance bond). Issuers of letters of credit and performance bonds are required to submit documentation that they are licensed by the State Corporation Commission to conduct business in the Commonwealth of Virginia.- The actual bond must be submitted with the application. This will either be cash/check, or a physical document from the issuer. Documents must be originals; photocopies will not be accepted.
Engineered Erosion & Sediment Control plans and the issuance of a Land Disturbance Permit are always required for commercial/nonresidential projects which involve 10,000 square feet or more of land disturbance. All projects involving land disturbance of 1 acre or greater are also required to obtain permit coverage under the Virginia Stormwater Management Program (VSMP).
* Any project which results in total land disturbance under 10,000 square feet, or under 2,500 square feet in the Town of Orange, Town of Gordonsville, and/or on any residentially-zoned property.* Structures utilizing pier or post foundations (e.g. a deck or pole barn)* Home gardens and/or landscaping.* Individual utility connections (i.e. power, water, sewer, communications, etc. connections). This does not include the installation of new wells and septic fields during home construction.* Septic tank and drainfield repair work.* Tilling, planting, and harvesting of agricultural crops and timber crops. The exemption for timber harvesting ONLY applies if the area will be reforested in accordance with state law, or converted to cropland and/or for livestock. The general clearing of trees is NOT exempt.* Agricultural engineering operations (e.g. terraces, ponds, check dams, ditches, strip cropping, contour cultivating, irrigation, etc.)
For any bona fide farm, up to seven additional homes may be permitted for farm tenants, managers, and similar employees. The property owner must certify, via an affidavit supplied by the county, that a tenant house is not being built to circumvent county law.
* The first 3 digits equate to the tax map page; the first 0 is a placeholder and doesn't have any relevance.* The next 2 digits correspond to the tax map page insert, if one exists. If there is no insert, these digits will be zeros.* The next 2 digits are known as the double-circle, and typically indicate major subdivisions of land. If there is no double-circle, these digits will be zeros.* The next 2 digits correspond to the block number. These can be thought of as subdivisions within subdivisions. Block numbers are used in denser or more urban areas, such as the towns and Lake of the Woods. Zeros indicate the parcel is not within a block.* The next 4 digits correspond to the lot number. Zeros before the actual lot number are placeholders and have no relevance.* The last digit is the sub-lot. A sub-lot value other than 0 typically indicates that the lot was subdivided at some point in the past.
In everyday speech, tax parcel numbers have shorthand. Examples: parcel number 07700000000500 can be described as 77-50; parcel number 02600050001230 can be described as 26-((5))-123. Either method may be used for searching the county's Geographic Information System (GIS) to identify a property, but the shorthand requires use of the advanced search function of the GIS.